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家禽照明

Source: 网络
Author:
Time: 2015-09-05

由农业工程师,加拿大计划服务。光照强度(光照强度)和光照时间(光周期)是影响家禽生产的重要因素。强度影响摄食和攻击,以及进食和进水,而光周期影响生殖和产蛋周期,总进食量和生长速率。


在工作平面上的光强度(鸟级,蛋收集表,工作台水平等)用力士或脚烛光(10力士等于一英尺烛光)测量。


在肉鸡和蛋鸡手术中发现的典型光照水平约为10至20力士(1至2英尺烛光),而盛夏的阳光明媚的一天约为80000力士(8000英尺烛光)。办公桌表面的典型光照水平可以是400到500力士(40到50英尺烛光)。


光周期的变化用于刺激鸡群繁殖和商业蛋鸡产卵。在肉鸡(鸡和火鸡)中,正在研究几种不同的照明程序,以帮助通过饲料摄取改善骨骼发育。


在白天的黑暗中,使用比黑暗时间多的照明程序需要在风扇和进气口上设置光阱。

下面的表格提供了一些不同类型的家禽操作中最常见的照明程序。


Table 1Lighting Programs for Commercial Layer

Lighting option
Flock Age
Light Intensity Lux(Foot-candles)
Photo Period(hours of light per day)
Option 1

Hen

Brooding(1-3 days)

Growing(4days-19th week)

Laying(20-72 week)


20(2)

5(0.5)

10-30(1-3)


23

9to11

Add 0.5hour per week until 16-17hours

Option 2

Hen

Brooding(1-3 days)

Growing(4 days-2nd week)

  2-3nd week

  3-4th week

  4-5th week

  5-6th week

  6-7th week

  8-9th week

  9-20th week

Laying (20-72 week)


20(2)

5(0.5)

5(0.5)

5(0.5)

5(0.5)

5(0.5)

5(0.5)

5(0.5)

5(0.5)

10-30(1-3)


23

23

21

19

17

15

13

11

11

Add 0.5hour per week until 16-17hours


Table 2 Lighting Programs for Breeders (broiler and commercial layers

Lighting option
Flock Age
Light Intensity Lux(Foot-candles)Photo Period(hours of light per day)
Option 1

Hen

Brooding(1-4 days)

Growing(4 days-3rd week)

  (3-19th week)

Laying(20-60week)


20(2)

5(0.5)

5(0.5)

50-60(5-6)


23

15

11

Add 0.5hour per week until 16-17hours


Table 3 Lighting Programs for Broilers/Roasters


Lighting optionFlock Age Light Intensity Lux(Foot-candles)Photo Period(hours of light per day)
Option 1

Brooding(1-2 days)

Growing(2 days-market)

20(2)

5(0.5)

23

23

Option 2

Brooding(1-3 days)

Growing(3-10days)

(10-15days)

(15-21days)

(21-35days)

(35-42days)

20(2)

5(0.5)

5(0.5)

5(0.5)

5(0.5)

5(0.5)


23

8

12

16

18

23

Option 3

Brooding(1-3 days)

Growing(3 days-market)

20(2)

5(0.5)

23

23

Option 4

Brooding(1-3 days)

Growing(3-10days)

(10-15days)

(15-21days)

(21-28days)

(28-42days)

20(2)

20(2)

5(0.5)

5(0.5)

5(0.5)

5(0.5)

23

18

8

12

16

18


Table 4 Lighting Programs for Turkeys

Lighting optionFlock AgeLight Intensity Lux(Foot-candles)Photo Period(hours of light per day)
Option 1

Brooding(1-3 days)

Growing(3 days-market)

50(5)

5-10(0.5-1)

23

23

Option 2

Brooding(1-3 days)

Growing(3 days-8th week)

(8-12th week)

50(5)

5-10(0.5-1)

5-10(0.5-1)

23

2.5L:3D

2.5L:3D


Table 5 Lighting Programs for other Functions

Other function
Light Intensity Lux(Foot-candles)
Feed Save/Working
100-200(10-20)
Clean
50(5)
Office(desk)
400-500(40-50)


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